Who is the audience?
When you give a brief oral report on a current magazine article, you summarize. And occasionally an instructor asks you to summarize in writing something you have read. Summarizing is about extracting main ideas, main points, and major support, and omitting the rest.
When you summarize, you do not draw any original conclusions, but report facts as they are presented by the author, so that a reader unacquainted with the original gets from your summary the essential facts and point of view of the original selection.
The question is this: Although a well-written non-fiction work reads like a seamless whole, it is really a cascade of main points, major and minor support for those points, and examples and illustrations.
And summarizing fiction presents its own challenges. That great scene at the lakeshore, the one that made you weep-is it a major or really just a minor element in the story?
This TIP sheet offers a four-step plan of attack for summarizing fiction or non-fiction books. It also offers tips for adapting this method for shorter selections.
You've read the book.
It had twenty-eight chapters and covered a thirty-year span in the life of the main character on two continents. There was tragedy; there was triumph over tragedy.
You have to write a summary in six to eight pages. You know where to start, all right, but you are at a loss where to go from there. Start by doing the math.
Here is the math for the example above: For shorter selections the math is different. In general, a good summary of a chapter, poem, or passage might be about a third to a fourth as long as the original; your instructor will probably suggest a length.
Define "main" The main idea of a non-fiction chapter may be stated for you in an overview, chapter summary, or near the beginning of the chapter. When you look for the main ideas in fiction, you must look for events that move the story forward, or that reveal or develop character.
Although some fiction books include overviews of the events of a chapter as a kind of chapter subtitle, apply judgment in using these, as the author may have had purposes other than mere summarization in mind when he or she wrote them.
Review the chapter briefly. Imagine yourself telling your roommate what the chapter was about. Now write a single sentence containing this main idea.Since an Abstract is a brief summary of your report, its length corresponds with the report's length.
So, for example, if your report is eight pages long, you shouldn't use more than words in the Abstract. When you are writing a report summary, in effect you are creating a cheat-sheet for your reader.
As such, the summary needs to be a short, complete and accurate account of what you have already written in the main body of your report. Executivemary report template pics status monthly financial it network summary example audit internal interview. summary report example executive template doc internal audit load testnference.
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In these two examples, it can be seen that by both using a character’s thoughts and the direct narrative voice, an author can insert additional context to a character’s words and actions. On the most basic level the job of narrative summary is to describe the actions of characters.
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