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The town of Junnar and the Buddhist caves at Karla date back more than two thousand years, and visitors to Junnar were recorded in the s. The region was under Islamic rule from the 13th to the 17th centuries. During the 17th century, the Marathas under Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj laid the foundation for an independent kingdom.
The Peshwaswho ruled the expanded Maratha empire, established their headquarters in the small town of Pune and developed it into a large city. The city and district became part of the British Raj in the 19th century.
Many early Indian nationalists and Marathi social reformers came from the city. Ancient and medieval history[ edit ] According to archaeological discoveries of the Jorwe culture in Chandoli and Inamgaonportions of the district have been occupied by humans since the Chalcolithic the Copper Age, 5th—4th millennium BC.
The town of Junnar has been an important trading and political center for the last two thousand years, and it was first mentioned by Greco-Roman travellers in the early first millennium AD. Traders and Satvahana rulers financed construction of the caves.
The plates call the region "Puny Vishaya" and "Punaka Vishaya", respectively. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this time, and the area included TheurUruliChorachi Alandi, and Bhosari. The Muslim Khalji rulers of the Delhi Sultanate overthrew the Yadavas inbeginning three hundred years of Islamic control.
The Khalji were followed by another sultanate dynasty, the Tughlaqs. A Tughlaq governor on the Deccan Plateau rebelled and created the Bahamani Sultanatewhich later dissolved into the Deccan sultanates.
During the s, Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin spent many months in Junnar during the monsoon season and vividly describes life in the region under Bahamani rule. The Bhosale family received a jagir land grantand control of the region shifted among the Bhosale rulers, the sultanates and the Mughals during the century.
The district was central to the founding of the Maratha Empire by Shivaji Maharaj. Nizamshahi[ edit ] With the establishment of Nizamshahi rule, with Ahmednagar its headquarters, nearly all of the region was controlled by the Nizamshahi.
It was formed into a district or sarkarwith sub-divisions paragana and smaller ranges prant or desh.
Revenue collection was delegated to important chieftains who were henchmen of the Nizamshahi. At Ahmednagar, the king bore the brunt of a heavy attack from Mughal armies who converged on the capital in To rally the strongest possible local support against the Mughal invaders and stabilise the territories ruled by Ahmednagar, local Maratha chieftains were given increased power.
Amongst the chieftains was Maloji Bhosalewho was made a raja in ; the districts of Pune and Supa were given to him as a jagir. Bhosale was also given charge of the forts at Shivneri and Chakanwhich played an important role in the district's early political history.
By his death inthe region's revenue system was sound and fair. Bhosale jagir under the Adilshahi[ edit ] The Pune region was administered as a jagir during much of the 17th century by Maloji Bhosle, his son Shahaji and his grandson Shivaji.
Its sovereignty changed with the Bhosles' shifting allegiances. InShahaji forsook the Mughals and accepted the friendship of the Adilshahi rulers of Bijapur the Ahmadnagar Sultanate 's traditional rivals.
After the fall of the Ahmadnagar Nizamshahi Sultanate, its territory was divided between the Adilshahi and the Mughals; Pune went to the former.
Shahaji refused to surrender Junnar the seat of the Nizamshahi dynasty before he finally capitulated. However, Shahaji was apparently considered important enough by the hostile power to play a key role in the new regime's administration.
His jagir was confirmed, continuing the region's connection with the Bhosale family. Konddeo established complete control over the Maval region, winning over or subduing most of the local Maval leaders.
Among Kondadeo's reported reforms was a tax of one-fourth the cash equivalent of a land's yield, and the Fasli calendar was introduced at this time. He is said to have focused on the western Pune region, and has been credited with overseeing Shivaji's education and training.Pune (District) is in the state of Maharashtra, India.
Pune City is the district headquarters. The district's population was 9,, in the census, the fourth-most-populous of India's districts.
Its urban population is percent of its total population; the population of the Pune urban area is over five million. Sitemap of the Lancaster University website. Search this site. Search query Search Search Close search. Pune is a District in the state of Maharashtra, India.
Pune City Central is the District Headquarters.
The district's population was 9,, in the census, the fourth-most-populous of India's districts. Its urban population is percent of its total population; the population of the Pune urban area is .
Sitemap of the Lancaster University website. Search this site. Search query Search Search Close search. A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
While slums differ in size and other characteristics, most lack reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Welcome to the Free E-mail Database. This page is a public service to provide E-mail addresses for any purpose you may need.
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